If you are an individual trying to understand what type of lawyer you need or even if you are a law student who is trying to view what are the different types of attorneys and which area of the law is more appealing to you, stay tuned, you are in the right place.
The first important differentiator when reviewing the different types of lawyers is to make it clear that there are two legal markets: one serving individuals and another serving businesses and big organizational clients. These markets involve different economic drivers that are evolving in very different ways. Even within each one of this markets the legal career can vary greatly, an individual practicing Family Law may specialize on topics like Divorce, Child Custody, Wills and Trusts or practice as a business family attorney.
The information provided in this article gathers curated content from the most up to date legal resources that we could find. Research and studies about different areas of the Law, as well as consumer sites, census information and career databases in the United States.
The following is a list, not complete by any means, of different types of lawyers in the United States, along with what they do, services they offer, what you can expect a consultation would cost, the average annual salary, etc.
You may also be interested in: How much do attorneys charge?
If you’ve suffered injuries in an accident—for example, a car accident—the type of lawyer you’ll want to see is a personal injury lawyer. These types of attorneys specialize in obtaining compensation in the form of damages for injuries caused by other parties.
Read more about contingency fee on our Resources at the bottom of this article.
The estate planning lawyer specializes in wills and trusts, and can help you to draw up a will to pass on your assets. Among other estate planning legal services, this type of lawyer can help you set up a trust which will help take care of your children’s financial needs.
If you’re having financial difficulties and are contemplating bankruptcy proceedings, you’ll want to consult with a bankruptcy attorney. This type of lawyer can advise you on your eligibility for bankruptcy, the types of bankruptcy you’ll want to consider and which type would be best for your particular circumstances, as well as any potential alternatives to bankruptcy which you may want to explore.
Also known as an IP attorney, an intellectual property lawyer can advise you with regard to issues relating to intellectual property, such as copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design and trade secrets.
Job Description for Intellectual Property (IP) Lawyer
Whether you’re a company that’s having a problem with an employee, or an individual who’s having problems with the company you work for, an employment lawyer can generally provide advice about legal issues which arise from an employment contract or within an employment relationship.
Employment Law is Not Workers’ Compensation Law. Employment Law is concerned with how you are treated at work, while Workers’ Compensation Law is concerned with your job injury claim. Read more about the differences here.
If you own a corporation, you’ll likely find yourself consulting with a corporate attorney on many different occasions. A corporate lawyer will be able to help you with issues related to the formation of your corporation, general corporate governance issues and corporate compliance issues.
When you’re dealing with immigration issues, you’ll want to consult with an immigration lawyer. This type of lawyer should be well versed in dealing with immigration issues such as visas, citizenship, refugee or asylum and green cards.
If you or a loved one has been charged with a crime, a criminal lawyer is the type of lawyer you should turn to. A criminal lawyer will be knowledgeable in areas related to criminal law, including issues related to bail, arraignment, arrest, pleas and any issues relating to the criminal trial itself.
Getting into trouble with the IRS is no fun. A tax attorney specializes in the many intricacies of federal, state and local tax laws, and should be able to provide advice on the particular tax issue you face.
Whether you’re in need of a prenuptial agreement, engaged in divorce proceedings or involved in child custody or spousal support battle, a family or divorce lawyer is the type of attorney who’ll be best equipped to guide you through the process which lies before you.
If you’ve been injured while on the job, or have had to face the death of a loved one as a result of a workplace accident or occupational disease, a lawyer who specializes in workers compensation law can help you navigate the issues you face, such as the extent of the employer’s fault and the number of benefits to which you are entitled.
The Social Security Disability system can be a particularly complex system in which to navigate. An attorney who specializes in Social Security Disability issues can help you with any step in the Social Security Disability process, including assisting you with eligibility issues, launching an appeal of a decision to deny you benefits and dealing with the reduction or termination of your benefits.
Suing someone, or responding to someone’s lawsuit against you? An attorney who specializes in civil litigation will be your best legal option. You may also find that different attorneys will specialize in different litigation areas as well. For example, a corporate litigation lawyer should have the expertise to help you with commercial litigation issues.
If you need legal help, looking for a lawyer would offer an initial free consultation is always a good idea. That way you will know if they have experience with the type of legal situation that you are facing. Remember, most lawyers work a particular area of Law.
Disclaimer: The data for Annual Average Salary, Cost for a consultation, Client Type and Typical Case Compensation are educated estimates and averages as of today, Agust 2019; this information is subject to change without prior notice.